Uttarakhand :Wild life and Ecotourism

Corbet National Park

The Corbet National Park is perfectly cradled on the foothills of the magniloquent knolls of the Himalayan range that shields the northern fringe of the country of India. The Corbet National Park made its magnanimous presence felt in the year 1936 under the designation of ‘Hailey National Park’. The Corbet National Park also proudly cherishes the coveted title of being the maiden National Park on Indian turf. Traversing across a humongous length of approximately 201 square miles, the Corbet National Park has acquired its name from the late Jim Corbett who consecrated the latter half of his life aiming towards the amelioration of this park.

The Corbet National Park in Uttarakhand has earned a nationwide acknowledgment for putting together the baronial act of nurturing tigers, ever since its very dawn. As a matter of fact, the Corbet National Park gave impetus to ‘Project Tiger’ that has enacted the most crucial role in preserving the sanctity of these majestic beasts in India. Valley of Flowers National Park

The Valley of Flowers National Park is positioned in the lap of the Bhyundar Ganga in the Garhwal region of the Himalayas and extends across a throbbing area measuring approximately 87.5 square kilometers. The Valley of Flowers National Park achieved the status of being a national park in the year of 1982.

The vibrant and intriguing beauty of the delectable Valley of Flowers National Park is so rejuvenating that legend has it. They were even referred in the Sanskrit epics like the Ramayana and Mahabharata. But owing to a freak of nature, the Valley of Flowers National Park lost its position in the map until a mountaineer of British origin, Frank Smith

again rediscovered it. He was inundated to such a point on witnessing the enthralling floral stock swaying in the meek breeze that he termed it “Valley of Flowers”.

The Valley of Flowers National Park in Uttarakhand is besieged by the ‘Ratban Parvat’ which is adorned in pristine snow, the ‘Nar Parvat’ and the ‘Kunt Khal’ that demarcates its periphery from the fringe of the adjacent Badrinath valley. The glory of the Valley of Flowers National Park is further augmented by the serene presence of the Pashupati river that spans across the entire length of the valley.

Rajaji National Park

The Rajaji National Park came into its glorious existence in the year 1983. The Rajaji National Park draws its designation from the celebrated freedom fighter, Sri C. Rajgopalachari who was affectionately referred to as ‘Rajaji’. A sum total of three sanctuaries namely Dehradun Siwaliks, Motichur and Chilla were coalesced to constitute the Rajaji National Park.

Gangotri National Park

The Gangotri National Park is nestled in the cozy dominion of Uttarakhand in India. The Gangotri National Park covers a luscious landscape that measures a mind-boggling 1553 square miles which is a momentous accomplishment in itself. The mammoth dimensions of the Gangotri National Park makes it the most sought-after abode of an entire caboodle of wild beasts. Since, the Gangotri National Park is so massive, the wild creatures do not face any sort of inconvenience regarding their respective territories.

The terrain of the Gangotri National Park of Uttarakhand is marked by the ominous presence of heavenly delectable coniferous trees that further augments the sheer brilliance of this national park. In fact the conifers vanquish a hefty stretch of the plot alloted to the Gangotri National Park. The crystal clarity of the placid glaciers gift a whole new dimension to the Gangotri National Park. The view of the unadulterated snowy glaciers silhouetted against the luscious back drop of the opulent

hay lands truly takes ones breath away in awe. In fact, the meadows constitute a healthy portion of the Gangotri National Park.

Nalanda Devi National Park

Positioned in the dominion named Chamoli in Uttaranchal, the Nalanda Devi National Park is aptly beleaguered by a spectacular array of dazzling hillocks that include Trishul, Dunagiri, Nanda Devi and Bethartoli. The entrance of visitants in the premises of the Nalanda Devi National Park was sternly forbidden from the year 1982 in order to conserve its biological multifariousness. But very recently, some eco-tourists have procured special permission to explore this mesmerizing locale and observe wildlife amidst nature’s splendor.

Being well dispersed over a sprawling landscape that measure approximately 630 square kilometers, the Nalanda Devi National Park also houses a wide variety of flora that mainly constitutes birch, rhododendron, fir and juniper. The Nalanda Devi National Park is also home to an astonishing 312 varied floral taxonomic categories including 17 extremely uncommon species.

The temperature at the Nalanda Devi National Park of Uttarakhand seldom rises above the 25.9 degree centigrade mark during the charring months of the summer season. However, the temperature takes a deep plunge during the months of the winter season when it hovers around the 12.5 degree centigrade mark.

Govind Pashu Vihar

The Govind Pashu Vihar of Uttarakhand achieved the recognition of being a coveted wildlife sanctuary in the year of 1955. Being an appendage of the Upper Tons Valley, the Govind Pashu Vihar is well-scattered across an area approximately measuring 957.9 square kilometers. Previously reckoned as ‘Tons’, the Govind Pashu Vihar also has a rich and eminent history that has transformed it into one the most sought-after destinations for the tourists craving to spend some quality time in the midst of opulent wildlife.

The temperature that prevails at the Govind Pashu Vihar in Uttarakhand is more or less devoid of any sort of annoying fluctuations as it reaches a maximum of only 25.1 degree centigrade during the pleasant summer season. But the winters could easily send a shiver down your spine as the temperatures drops to 10 degree centigrade.

Askot Musk Deer Wildlife Sanctuary

Askot Musk Deer Sanctuary is secured amidst the snow capped peak in the majestic Kumaon Himalayas at a range of 5412 feet.Its located 54 kilometres from Pithoragarh. It was set up in 1986 with the sole aim of protection of Musk deer. It is spread over an area of 600 sq km and covers three biomes and three major watersheds of Goriganga, Kali and East Dhauli.

Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary Nandhaur forms part of the larger area known to conservationists as the Terai Arc Landscape that covers 49,500 sq. km (30,000 sq. km of which is in India, the rest in Nepal). TAL also represents one of the densest populations of the tiger in the world with 14 protected areas (nine in India, five in Nepal) and is home to three flagship species—the tiger, the Asian elephant and the Indian rhinoceros. The TAL in Uttarakhand can be roughly divided into three large landscapes as area between: the river Yamuna and the river Ganga; the Ganga and the Gola; and the Gola and the Sharda. The Nandhaur landscape lies between the rivers Gola and Sharda, in the Haldwani forest division, whose five ranges, namely Chakata, Nandhaur, Jaulasal, Danda and Sharda, cover about 600 sq. km. The Nandhaur forest has a healthy population of Asian elephants, leopards and sloth bears.

Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary

The Binsar wild life sanctuary situated in the middle Himalaya near Almora. This tract is considered to be one of the most beautiful tracts in kumaon. In this santury numbers of animals and birds which includes the leopard, civet cat, serow, gharial, musk deer, brown bear and khaliji pheasant are usually found.

Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary

Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Uttarkashi district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. The park lies in the higher reaches of the Garhwal Himalayas. The total area of Govind Pashu Vihar National Park and Sanctuary is 958 km2 (370 sq mi).[3] The Snow Leopard Project started by the Government of India is being managed at this sanctuary.

Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary

The Kedarnath Wild life sanctuary is located in the Chamoli and the Rudraprayag districts of the Indian state of Uttarakhand. This sanctuary is characterized by glaciers in the higher altitudes. Deep V shaped valleys have been formed out of these glaciers over the years of glacial activity. Rivers Mandakini, Biera, Menan and kali form river valleys in the north-south direction.

Mussoorie/Bengong Wildlife Sanctuary

Benong Wildlife Sanctuary, a part of the famous Rajaji National Park. It has been developed as a bird-watching haven. It is well surrounded by snow laden peaks of the Himalayas. Magnificent views of snow peaks like Chaukhamba and Bandar Punch can be seen from this sanctuary.

Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary

The sanctuary falls in the Nainital district of Uttaranchal. Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary covers a total area of about 301 sq km. This sanctuary is an isolated and tranquil national park serving as a perfect shelter to a various count of fauna and flora. Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary is named after the Sonanadi River (meaning river of gold).

MINERAL resources of uttarakhand plays a significant role in the economy of uttarakhand.although,the mineral resources of uttarakhand are not as varied as that of Jharkhand or odisha,yet mineral resources at uttarakhand largely contribute towards the economic well being of the state.

The chamoli district of uttarakhand is especially famous for housing a number of mineral resources in uttarakhand.northern devision of the district consist entirely of medium to high grade metamorphic rocks,which also contains bands of volcanic rocks in some areas,the southern division contains sedimentary and low-grade metamorphic rocks,with bands of volcanic rocks in some regions.

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