# Paper VII: General Aptitude and Ethics

General Aptitude MM: 120
Numbers and their classification: Natural, Real (Rational and Irrational), Integers, Division of numbers and Prime Numbers, Operations on Real numbers, Power root method for real numbers, Least Common Multiple (LCM) and Highest Common Factor (HCF) of Integers and their relation & difference.
Ratio and its Properties, Expressing a given number into a given ratio, Comparison of ratios, Respective proportion, Proportional relation between two or more numbers. Exchange of a number into rate of interest and rate of interest into number, Expressing a given quantity as a percentage of another quantity, conversion of a percentage into decimals and decimals into percentage, effect of percentage change on any number, two step change of percentage for a number, percentage excess and percentage shortness, gain percentage, profit and loss percentage, relation between cost price and selling price.
Effect of change of principal (P), rate (R) and time (T) on simple interest, repayment of debt in equal installments, compound interest when the interest is compounded yearly, half-yearly and quarterly, rate of growth and depreciation, principal ammount, time, rate of interest, difference between compound and simple interest.
Problems on basic concepts of work and time.
Simple linear simultaneous equations.
Sets, subsets, proper subsets, null set, operations on sets (Union, Intersection, Difference), Venn diagram.
Elementary knowledge of triangle, rectangle, square, rhombus and circle, theorems related to their properties and their parameter & area, volume and surface area of sphere, rectangular and circular cylinder and cone, cube.
Cartesian system, plotting of a point and distance formula, section formula, area of a triangle. Analogies, arrangement, causes and effects, family tree, puzzles based questions, sequences and series, code based questions on letters of alphabet, syllogism, statement and conclusion, problems based on clocks.
Significance, sufficiency, collection, classification of data, frequency, cumulative frequency, tabulation and presentation of data: simple, multiple, subdivided bar diagram, pie chart, histogram, frequency curve, frequency polygon, ogives, analysis and interpretation of data.
Arithmetic mean, geometric mean, harmonic mean, median, mode, combined mean of several sets of observations, average by increasing and decreasing of elements of sets, quartiles, deciles and percentiles.
Classical and statistical definition of probability, addition and multiplication theorems of probability with simple examples, events, sample space.

Ethics MM: 80
This section will include questions on, candidates in public life, integrity, honesty, attitude, psychology, ethics and related case studies.
Emotional/ Psychological /Humanistic intelligence-concepts and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values- lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
Attitude: Content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
Attitude and foundational values for Civil Service. Integrity, impartiality and non- partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections of society.
Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from Uttarakhand State, India and World.
Need of Public service, Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration : Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in International relations and funding; corporate governance.
Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government.
Right to information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption, challenges for public servants in view of changed environment.
Disaster and disaster management, Development of technique, Assistant / Prevailing in ‘ law. The role of public servants in disaster management.
Case Studies on above issues.