Citizens Grievance Redressal Institution and Mechanism, Central Vigilance Commission, and Lok Pal and Lok Ayuktas

Lokpal and Redressel of Citizens grievances:- Introduction: The central theme of democracy is that the ruler is accountable to the rules of all sorts of activities and policies. This has arisen due to the fact that the modern states are populous. Because of this and other reasons the direct democracy of ancient Greek city-states or … Read more

Government : State Secretariat; Chief Secretary; Departments and Directorates, Boards, State Corporations and Commissions.

The state secretarial consists of departments of state government which are headed politically by the ministers and administratively by the secretaries. The chief secretary Is the head of the entire state secretariat while a secretary is a head of one or two departments. Functions of State Secretariat:  the secretariat of the state determines the … Read more

Administrative Reforms in India including various important Commissions and committees.

Why is Administrative Reforms needed? Technological change Advances in industrialisation Growth in the number and complexity of governmental activities Changes in social, political and economic spheres of life All above have created extraordinary strains on the traditional machinery of the government Obsolescence of institutions, roles, procedures and processes in the government What are ways through … Read more

District Administration.

District has been the basic unit of administration in India since ancient times. In India, we have a democratic welfare state which involves wide scope of activities for the development of the people and the nation as a whole. District administration, is that part of public administration which functions in the territorial limits of the … Read more

Union Administration: Cabinet Secretariat; Central Secretariat; PMO etc

Cabinet Secretariat The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the Government of India (Transaction of Business) Rules, 1961 and the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules 1961, facilitating smooth transaction of business in Ministries/ Departments of the Government by ensuring adherence to these rules. The Secretariat assists in decision-making in Government by … Read more

Formation of Linguistic States:–

Formation of Linguistic States:– India is a land of many languages, each with its distinct script, grammar, vocabulary and literary tradition. In 1917, the Congress Party had committed itself to the creation of linguistic provinces in a Free India. After Congress’s Nagpur Session in 1920, the principle was extended and formalized with the creation of … Read more

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