Flood is a natural disaster which can never be avoided, India being one of the worst flood hit tropical country in the world which causes huge economic and emotional losses. We cannot afford to ignore flood but we can manage it. Around 12% of the total area i.e. 40 million hectare is prone to flood. Out of which 25 million hectare is frequently prone to flood. 7.4 million hectare gets flooded every year. River water flooding and cloud burst, cyclonic rainfall are the major reason for heavy rainfall.
The flood prone regions are divided into three regions: (Draw MAP)
- Basin of Himalayan river: mostly in the state of UP,Bihar, and Assam
- Central and Peninsular river basin( Mahanadi and Orissa), Godavari, Gujarat particularly in mouth region of Mahi, Narmada etc. , Bhima, Krishna and Tunghbhadra
- River basin of Indus particularly in the state of Punjab where beas and satluj gets flooded more frequently.
Ill effects of flood:
- Economic loss:
- Crop failure, decline in agriculture productivity
- Inflationary, demand supply mismatch of essential commodities
- Loss of infrastructure, additional burden of aftermath floods constructive and rehabilitative work
- Social loss:
- Loss of life, loss of cattle
- Loss of home, Flood leaves behind thousands of env. Refugees
- Out break of epidemics
- Out migration of youth, dependency ration increases in rural areas.
- Social unrest and social conflicts increases.
Other effect – Ecological impact , and emotional impact
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