India and World Geography

World Geography : Definition and Major concepts of Geography, Solar System, Spherical Coordinates & Projections,Time, Earth’s Rotation and Revolution, Lunar eclipse, Solar eclipse, Isothermic Lines, etc.
Lithosphere : Origin of Continents & OceansContinental Drift theory, Convectional Current theory and Plate Tectonic theory, Types of Mountains, Plateaus, Plains, Lakes and Rocks, Drainage Pattern, Agents of Denudation- River, Wind, Glacier, etc.
Atmosphere :Composition and Structure, Insolation, Heat- budget, Humidity and Precipitation, Pressure and Wind Belts, etc.
Hydrosphere : Oceans – Bottom Relief, Currents, Tides, Temperature and Salinity, Hydrological Cycle, etc.
Geographical Phenomena : Earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, Monsoon, El-Nino effect and cyclones, Natural Hazards and Disasters, etc.
Distribution of natural resources : World Distribution of natural resources – Forests, Iron ore, Bauxite, Coal, Petroleum, Hydel Power, Atomic Power Non-Conventional Energy Sources, etc.
Agriculture : Agricultural Location, Agricultural Types, Agricultural Regions, etc.
Industries : Factors of Localization, Textile, Iron and Steel, Cement, Sugar Industries, etc.
Population : Growth, Distribution, Density, Sex-Ratio, Migration, Health, Urbanization, etc.
Main Tribes : Eskimo, Pigmy,Bushmen, Kirgiz, etc.
Transportation : Trans-Siberian railway, Canadian National, Canadian pacific, Cape of of Good Hope water way, etc.
Environment: Concept of Ecology and Ecosystem, Bio-diversity – Types and Depletion,
Pollution- Air and Water, Global Warming and Ozone Depletion, Concept of Sustainable Development, etc.
World Trade : Trade and Economic Groups – World Trade Organization (WTO), European Economic Community (EEC), Brazil – Russia – India – China – South Africa (BRICS), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC), etc.


Geography of India: Location, Extent and Federal Structure, Geological structure, Relief, Climate, Drainage system, Vegetation, Soils, Water Resource, Resource Scarcity, Energy Crisis , etc.
Environmental Degradation and Conservation : Air, Water, Soil, etc.
Minerals : Distribution and Production of Iron-ore, Coal, Petroleum etc.
Agriculture : Wheat, Rice, Millet, Tea, Coffee and Rubber, Agro-Climatic Regions,Agricultural Revolutions, etc.
Industry : Location, Production and Trade of Cotton Textile, Cement, Paper, Sugar, Chemical, etc.
Population : Regional Pattern of Growth, Distribution, Density, Literacy, Sex-ratio, Rural- urban structure, etc.
Transport : Railways, Highways, Airways and Water ways and their role in regional development, etc.
Tribes : Habitat, Economy and Society of Gonds, Bhils,Santhals, Nagas, etc and Trends of their Transformation.


Geography of Uttarakhand : Location, Extent and Strategic Importance, Structure and Relief, Climatic Characteristics, Drainage system, Natural Vegetation, Mining and Quarrying, Soils, etc, Agriculture and irrigation, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Storage and Marketing of Farm Products, Tourism – Problems and Prospects, Population, distribution,Density, Sex Raito, Migration, Health, Urbanization and Urban Centres, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled tribes (Bhotia, Tharu, Jaunsari, Buksa and Van-Raji etc), Transport Network, Industrial development and Major Hydel Projects.
Environment and Forests movement – Wild Life, National Parks and Sanctuaries, Natural
Hazards and Disaster Management, Chipko Movement and Maiti Movement, etc.

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