Uttarakhand : Soils


Five main type of soil are found in the state:

  1. Tertiary soil: found in shivalik and Doon valley ,this soil is suitable for production of tea.
  2. Cord soil: the soil contains shell cysts and quarts.this is light and unproductive soil found in nainital district.
  3. Volcanic soil: the soil is found in the mountain slopes of the state.
  4. Alluvial soil: the soil is found in lower slopes of shivalik range and dun valley containing lime, iron and biological remains and is very suitable for agriculture.
  5. Grey soil: the major contents of this soil is lime but it is short of productive element and it is found in nainital , mussorrie and chakarata.
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