7.10.22 UKPSC Daily Current Affairs

Collective effort needed for disability-free U’khand- CM
Chief minister Pushkar Singh Dhami has said that concerted and collective efforts should be done for disability (Divyangata) free Uttarakhand. He said that the State government has taken up a target for making Uttarakhand TB free by the year 2024 and drugs free by 2025.  Giving the slogan of ‘Jai Divyang’ the CM said that all should take forward the slogan and initiate work towards Divyangata free Uttarakhand.
Dhami expressed these views while participating in a programme organised to distribute the artificial limbs to the differently-abled at the CM camp office. The programme was organised under joint aegis of the Mahavir Sewa Sadan and Parmarth Niketan.
U.S. House passes bill protecting marriage equality
The U.S. House of Representatives passed a bill protecting gay marriage rights, after the Supreme Court’s decision to overturn Roe v. Wade imperiled similar precedents that protected rights to same-sex relations and contraception.
The bill, which passed the Democratic-controlled chamber by a vote of 267-157 with support from 47 Republicans, establishes federal protections for gay marriage and prohibits anyone from denying the validity of a marriage based on the race or sex of the couple.
Under the House bill, states could still restrict gay marriage if the Supreme Court overturns its prior ruling. But such states would be required to recognize marriages that occurred in states where they remain legal.
To boost growth, cut aviation turbine fuel VAT: Jyotiraditya M Scindia
Union civil aviation minister Jyotiraditya M Scindia on Tuesday made yet another appeal to Assam and seven other states and UTs to bring down VAT on aviation turbine fuel to the range of 1%-4%, “so that barriers to growth are removed.”
He said currently 28 states and Union Territories have VAT on jet fuel in the range of 1-4%. “New growth to come from Tier 2 and 3 cities,” he said, underlining the need to bring down entry barriers in the context of high VAT on jet fuel in some states.
Almost a year ago, Scindia had appealed to states and UTs having VAT on ATF above 4% to bring it down, but eight states — Assam, Goa, Delhi, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Bihar and Tamil Nadu still have a high VAT on jet fuel.
Innovation to be key in making India developed nation by 2047, says Sitharaman
Union finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Thursday said innovation is going to be key factor in making India a developed nation by 2047, as she highlighted the immense potential of digitalisation in achieving this.
She also said that if the same momentum that was seen through Covid-19 and immediately after that continues, and if all countrymen put their efforts together, building India as a developed economy by 2047 should not be difficult.
Also highlighting the emphasis that is being laid on further digitalisation, whether into medical services, education and Software as a service (SaaS).
Women more prone to mental disorders than men: Report
Most national and international policies consider women’s health as an essential factor for the health of the family, children and the society. Dr Tanmaini Das has shared some of her thoughts on women’s mental health. Women juggle between multiple roles that have different expectations.
In the process, women get burdened and lose sight of own individuality. It causes many to develop symptoms of common mental disorders (CMDs). CMDs are a group of conditions that include anxiety, depression and suicidal ideation.
Besides CMDs, women’s mental health is affected by premenstrual syndrome, post-menopausal syndrome (18%-5%), perinatal (22%) and post-natal disorders. The high prevalence of mental disorders among women is due to a lack of awareness about mental health disorders, the stigma associated with them and the fear of judgment by society.
Hence, it is important to recognize the symptoms of CMDs. Some of the symptoms are sadness, inability to think clearly and concentrate, extreme fear, loneliness, low energy levels, difficulty to solve daily problems, anger issue and extreme mood swings. Some measures to maintain mental well-being are exercise daily, practice of mindfulness, positive self-talk, indulgence in activities that enhance individuality and doctor consultation.
It is reported that one in five people may develop CMD during their lifetime. The probability of CMDs is higher in the females than males. In a recent systematic review, the prevalence of common mental disorders among women was estimated between 6% to 69%. As of October 2021, women had the highest share of mental health disorders in India, amounting to 39% and 30% for stress and anxiety disorder, respectively.
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