18.10.22 UKPSC Daily Current Affair

NEP 2020 launched for higher education in Uttarakhand
The Union Education minister Dharmendra Pradhan and chief minister Pushkar Singh Dhami launched the implementation of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 in higher education in Uttarakhand for the 2022-23 academic session.
Under the NEP 2020 children are being connected to formal education from the age of three years. After learning in Bal Vatika for three years, the child will enter class I aged six years. For better and quality education to children from adolescence to the age of 21-22 years, Uttarakhand will have to move forward with a target of 40 lakh children. The State already has facilities for 35 lakh capacity in school education, higher education, technical education, medical-paramedical and other spheres. At a time when the nation is moving towards becoming digital India, the higher education policy being made in Uttarakhand is a major step towards achieving this.
International Solar Alliance approves funding facility
To bolster investments in solar power projects, the International Solar Alliance (ISA), in its General Assembly meeting here on Tuesday, approved the ‘Solar Facility’, a payment guarantee mechanism expected to stimulate investments into solar projects through two financial components — a Solar Payment Guarantee Fund and Solar Insurance Fund.
The thrust of the facility is to attract private capital to flow into “underserved markets” in Africa. The ISA would aim to crowdsource investments from various donors across the globe and proposed projects in Africa would be able to purchase payment guarantees or partial insurance premium from these funds.
Most ‘hotspots’ free from anti-national activities, says Amit Shah
Union Home Minister Amit Shah on October 21, 2022 said most of the “hotspots” in the country are almost free from anti-national activities now and the situation in major security theatres has improved over the last eight years of the Narendra Modi government.
He said more than 70% decline has been recorded in incidents of violence that were reported from insurgency-hit areas of the Northeast during this time period and this is an indicator of a “happy Northeast”.
Same was the situation in Jammu and Kashmir as well as in the states affected by Naxal violence, the Minister said while addressing top police and paramilitary forces commanders at the National Police Memorial in the Chanakyapuri area here on the occasion of the National Police Commemoration Day.
Panel formed on SC status for Dalit Christians, Dalit Muslims: Centre
The Union government has filed a fresh affidavit before the Supreme Court, through the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, stating its current position on the inclusion of Dalit Christians and Dalit Muslims in the Scheduled Castes list and on the petitions challenging the constitutionality of Para 3 of the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950, which allows only members of Hinduism, Sikhism and Buddhism to be identified as SCs.
The Union government said it had examined the issue and noted the demands from Dalit Christian and Dalit Muslim communities for inclusion in the SC list and accordingly formed a three-member Commission of Inquiry headed by former Chief Justice of India Justice K.G. Balakrishnan to look into all aspects of the matter. It said this was done because the “issue is a seminal and historically complex sociological and constitutional question” that requires a “definitive study and extensive consultation with all stakeholders”.
NHAI’s infra investment bonds, offering an effective return of 8%
NHAI InvIT is the infrastructure investment trust sponsored by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) to support the government’s National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP). NHAI’s InvIT is a Trust established by NHAI under the Indian Trusts Act, 1882 and SEBI (Security and Exchange Board of India) regulations.
The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi had approved the NHAI’s Infrastructure Investment Trust (InvIT) in December 2019, and the company had started to meet investor groups the following year.
Infrastructure investment trusts are institutions similar to mutual funds, which pool investments from various categories of investors and invest them into completed and revenue-generating infrastructure projects, thereby creating returns for the investor.
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