1.10.22 UKPSC Daily Current Affairs

 
UTTARAKHAND
 
Uttarakhand: Govt schools start prayers in local Kumaoni & Garhwali
 
Encouraging students to embrace their local language and culture, government schools in Uttarakhand‘s Chamoli and Pithoragarh districts have now started reciting their morning prayers in Garhwali and Kumaoni along with Hindi. The initiative is something new for the state and it has started to spread as several schools in other parts of Garhwal and Kumaon hills are also joining in to promote the effort.
Lauding the initiative which started recently, Uttarakhand governor Lt-General Gurmit Singh (retd) shared a video of students of a government school in Syari Bhenti Ghat in Chamoli recently, who can be seen singing the morning prayers in Garhwali.
INTERNATIONAL
 
Not signing the NPT one of India’s most consequential decisions: former Envoy
The war in Ukraine is a “global war” and the distant war in Europe will soon make its presence felt in India’s neighbourhood, said D.B. Venkatesh Varma, former Indian Ambassador to Russia. In the backdrop of the hair-trigger nuclear posture between Russia and the U.S. and the emergence of China as a major nuclear power, he said one of the most consequential decisions by India was to not sign the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
In an era of big power competition and open confrontation, the expectation that one big power will prioritise India’s security interests or the notion that we have shared security objectives “is borne more out of fantasy than out of reality”.
 
 
NATIONAL
 
IIT-Kanpur to establish network of air-quality sensors to measure pollution in rural India
 
 
To bolster measurement of air pollution in rural India, the Indian Institute of Technology-Kanpur, is embarking on a $2.5 million project (₹19 crore) to install nearly 1,400 sensors in rural blocks of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. The three-year pilot project is expected to pave the way for a national network of air quality sensors in rural India.
 
Air pollution in India is largely framed as an urban blight though causes of pollution, such as biomass burning, and reliance on diesel gensets for electricity are worsening air quality in villages too.
In 2019, the government launched the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) to achieve 20-30% reduction in particulate matter (PM) air pollution by 2024 with 2017 as the base year for comparison. This however is primarily aimed at 122 cities that have been categorised as India’s most polluted cities.
 
Under NCAP, ₹375.44 crore was provided to 114 cities from 2018-19 to 2020-21 and ₹290 crore was allocated to 82 cities for the financial year 2021-2022. The programme has an allocation of ₹700 crore envisaged for 2021-26. However interim analysis by independent bodies have found that there’s been minimal reduction so far in PM trends under NCAP and that pollution-reduction targets remain elusive.
 
 
Proposed online gaming policy to catalyze innovation, protect gamers rights
 
The proposed framework for online gaming in India will catalyse innovation while protecting gamers’ rights, privacy and safety, Union Minister Rajeev Chandrasekhar said.
Mr. Chandrasekhar termed online gamers important stakeholders and said that their views will be taken into consideration when the government comes up with a final framework for online games.
The government has set up an inter-ministerial panel to work on regulations for the online gaming industry and identify a nodal ministry to look after the sector.
Naari adalat to be set up in a phased manner
 
The Ministry of Women and Child Development will implement “naari adalat” (women’s courts) led by women’s collectives in the country in a phased manner as an alternate grievance redressal mechanism to resolve “petty” disputes at the gram panchayat level.
The scheme is part of the Ministry guidelines for the Mission Shakti umbrella scheme. The umbrella scheme comprises of sub-schemes for women’s safety and empowerment.
 
In the beginning, the scheme will be launched in some States and Union Territories, preferably in aspirational districts where elected women representatives head gram panchayat, according to the guidelines.
In the first year, there will be an awareness drive regarding legal, constitutional rights and entitlements. In the second year, a formal set up of women collectives with seven to 11 members will be provided in order to address “socio- economic and cultural issues” faced by women.
Donations to national parties plunged 41.49% in 2020-21 against previous year: ADR
The donations that recognised national parties received during financial year 2020-21 decreased by over ₹420 crore, a sharp fall of 41.49% from the previous fiscal.
Donations to the BJP decreased from ₹785.77 crore during FY 2019-20 to ₹477.54 crore during FY 2020-21 —a fall of 39.23%. The party’s donations had increased by 5.88% during FY 2019-20 in comparison to FY 2018-19, the Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) said in a statement.
The donations received by Congress plunged from ₹139.016 crore during FY 2019-20 to ₹74.524 crore during FY 2020-21 — a reduction of 46.39%.
Its donations had decreased by 6.44% between FY 2018-19 and FY 2019-20, the statement said.
A total of over ₹246 crore was donated to the national parties from Delhi, followed by ₹ 71.68 crore from Maharashtra and over ₹47 crore from Gujarat.
The corporate and the business sector made 1,398 donations to the national parties amounting to ₹480.655 crore —over 80% of the total donations —while 2,258 individual donors contributed ₹111.65 crore or 18.804% of the total to these parties during FY 2020-21.
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