15.11.22 UKPSC Daily Current Affairs

U’khand plans 1.25 Lakh LakhpatiDidis by the year 2025
Uttarakhand government has taken up a target to make 1.25 Lakh LakhpatiDidis (women earning one lakh rupees per year through self help groups) till the year 2025. The chief minister Pushkar Singh Dhami said that this effort coinciding with the silver jubilee years of the formation of Uttarakhand would give an impetus to the economic development of the women of the State.
Speaking as the chief guest at the ‘ LakhpatiDidi Fair’ organised by the rural development department at Survey of India ground here on Friday, the CM said that one cannot imagine creating an ideal society in absence of women empowerment. The State government has initiated many steps to make the women economically capable. A loan of Rs 5 lakh is being provided to the women self help group (SHG) without interest, he said.
The CM and other guests facilitated the women earning more than one lakh of rupees per year through the SHGs as ‘LakhpatiDidis’ on the occasion. Dhami also handed over cheques to the beneficiaries of the Pradhan MantriAwasYojana.
ASEAN agrees in principle to admit East Timor as 11th member
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has agreed in principle to admit East Timor as the group’s 11th member.
The half-island nation, officially called Timor Leste, will also be granted observer status at high-level ASEAN meetings, the bloc said after regional leaders met in Phnom Penh for a summit.
The East Timorese voted for independence from a brutal occupation by neighbouring Indonesia in a 1999 U.N.-supervised referendum, and the country was officially recognised by the United Nations in 2002, making it Asia’s youngest democracy.
The resource-rich country of 1.3 million people immediately started the process of accession to ASEAN, but only formally applied for membership in 2011.
Toxic air linked to heart attack risk: Study
Higher exposure to air pollutants can cause narrowing of blood vessels in those already having an underlying heart condition, thus exposing them to serious health risks, including a heart attack, according to a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC).
The study says prolonged exposure to PM2.5 or fine particulate matter can lead to a sudden, temporary squeezing of the arteries which can lead to heart attack.
The findings are based on an analysis of test reports of 287 patients suffering from Non-Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease or NOCAD (defined as less than 50% diameter stenosis) who underwent coronary angiography followed by a coronary provocation test at a hospital in Rome in which a drug is injected to check whether the coronary arteries are hyper-responsive.
‘First step towards eradicating caste-based quotas
Supreme Court order upholding the EWS quota clears the way for more attempts by governments to provide above 50% quota in government jobs and educational institutions on grounds of social and educational backwardness as well as economic deprivation.
All the three judges in favour of the amendment wrote separate but concurrent verdicts while the minority verdict was written by Justice Bhat on behalf of himself and the CJI. The majority held that keeping SCs/STs/OBCs out of EWS quota is not violative of the equality code and does not in any manner cause damage to the basic structure of the Constitution. They also said that the breaching of the 50% ceiling for quota is not violative of the Constitution.
Incidents of Naxal violence reduced by 55% over 8 years: MHA report
The Union Home Ministry has said resolute implementation of the national policy and action plan led to a 55 per cent reduction in violent incidents perpetrated by the Naxals and 63 per cent in deaths over a period of eight years.
According to the annual report 2021-22 of the Ministry of Home Affairs, there has been an overall 55 per cent reduction in violent incidents (from 1,136 to 509) and 63 per cent reduction (397 to 147) in Left Wing Extremism (LWE) related deaths in 2021 as compared to 2013.
In comparison to 2020, the year 2021 saw a decline of 24 per cent (665 to 509) in incidents of violence and 20 per cent (183 to 147) in the resultant deaths, the report said.
Owing to the improved LWE scenario, the list of LWE affected districts has been revised twice in the last three years. The number of LWE affected districts was reduced to 90 in April 2018 and then to 70 in July 2021.
In 2021, Chhattisgarh (255 incidents and 101 deaths) remains the worst affected state followed by Jharkhand (130 incidents and 26 deaths), Odisha (32 incidents and three deaths), Maharashtra (31 incidents and six deaths) and Bihar (26 incidents and seven deaths).
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