25.05.21 Daily UKPSC Current Affairs



Habitat Guilds Experience Land-Use Change


A new study found a significant loss of bird species in all modified landscapes in Uttarakhand. Both natural oak-dominated forests and modified forests were studied.

The Western Himalayan temperate forests of Uttarakhand are home to a large number of endemic bird species.

Six main types of land use were studied, including natural oak forests, degraded oak forests (light use), lopped oak forests (heavy use), pine forests, agricultural planting areas, and places with buildings.

The results revealed that species diversity was low in monoculture areas and urban areas.

It also observed a significant decline in some of the habitat guilds in areas where land-use change occurred.

Habitat guilds are groups of bird species that prefer similar habitats.


World Thyroid Day is on 25th May


World Thyroid Day is found globally on 25 May each year. The foremost purpose of the WTD is to aware of the significance of Thyroid and the prevention and treatment of thyroid diseases.


World Thyroid day is established in 2008 as a part of the marketing campaign led by way of the European Thyroid Association (ETA) and the American Thyroid Association (ATA) followed through the Latin American Thyroid Society (LATS) and Asia Oceania Thyroid Association (AOTA) to commemorate the sufferers with Thyroid illnesses and doctors and medical practitioner who treat them.

The thyroid gland is butterfly-shaped in the throat that produces T3 (Thyroxine) and T4 (Triiodothyronine) and maintained with the aid of the Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). It regulates the metabolism of the physique and abnormalities in this can also reason dysfunction in body systems.

Cheetah to be Re-introduced from Africa in November

The cheetah is regarded as the fastest land animal in the world. The animal has been declared extinct in India in 1952 and is expected to be reintroduced to India in the Kuno National Park in Madhya Pradesh in November this year.

Kuno, located in the Chambal area, covers an area of more than 750 square kilometres and creates a good atmosphere for cheetahs.

The last cheetah has discovered in the country died in Chhattisgarh in the year 1947 and was declared extinct in the country in the year 1952. The Wildlife Institute of India (WII) is ready to reintroduce it again a few years later.



5 states, union territories have no private facilities for vaccination: Govt data

Government data shows almost all small states and union territories are still entirely or mostly dependent upon government facilities.

According to the government’s CoWIN portal, 13 small states and union territories have less than 10 private facilities where vaccination against Covid-19 infection is being conducted and out of these, five states and union territories have no private facilities for vaccination.

The states and union territories with less than 10 private facilities for vaccination are – Andaman and Nicobar (0 private facility), Arunachal Pradesh (0), Dadra and Nagar Haveli (2), Daman and Diu (0), Ladakh (0), Lakshadweep (0), Manipur (3), Meghalaya (7), Nagaland (4), Puducherry (7), Sikkim (1), Tripura (1) and Mizoram (2), according to the CoWIN portal’s dashboard.

Interestingly, Tamil Nadu is the only state in the country with over 1,000 private facilities conducting vaccinations. It has 1118 facilities.

PM Presided National Digital Health Mission

The Prime Minister launched the National Digital Health Mission on August 15, 2020, with the goal of creating an integrated healthcare system that connects practitioners and patients digitally by providing access to real-time health records.
Objectives of National Digital Health Mission:

Development of Digital Health Systems

 Establishment of Registries

 All national digital health stakeholders must enforce the adoption of open standards.

 Creating standardised personal health records

 Enterprise-class health application systems

 Adoption of cooperative federalism

 Promotion of private sector participation in collaboration with public health authorities

 Making healthcare services available across the country.

Systems for Clinical Decision Support (CDS)

Total Lunar Eclipse Coincides with Supermoon

Two celestial occasions – Total Lunar Eclipse and Supermoon – collectively coincide on 26th May 2021.


♦ A supermoon happens when the Moon’s orbit is closest to the Earth at the equal time that the Moon is full.
♦ As the Moon orbits the Earth, there is a time when the distance between the two is the least (called the perigee) and a factor of time when space is the most (called the apogee).
♦ Since a full moon appears at the point of least distance from earth, not only does it appear to be brighter, but it is also significant than a typical full moon.
♦ According to NASA, the term supermoon was once coined by astrologer Richard Nolle in 1979. There may be two to 4 full supermoons in a typical year and two to 4 new supermoons in a row.

Lunar Eclipse:

♦ The lunar eclipse takes the vicinity when the Moon strikes into the Earth’s shadow. The Earth has to be without delay between the Sun and the Moon, and a lunar eclipse can only take vicinity at some stage in a full Moon.
♦ Initially, the Moon moves into the penumbra – the section of the Earth’s shadow were no longer all of the light from the Sun is blocked out. Part of the disc of the moon will look dimmer than an every day full Moon.
♦ And then the Moon strikes into the Earth’s umbra, where direct mild from the Sun is blocked out through the Earth. This skill, the solely mild reflecting off the Moon’s disc, has already been refracted or bent through the Earth’s atmosphere.

Total Lunar Eclipse:
♦ During this, the total of the lunar disc enters the Earth’s umbra, so the Moon seems reddish (Blood Moon). This won’t be final forever, though.
♦ About after 14 minutes, the Moon will move out of Earth’s umbra and back into its penumbra. In total, the lunar eclipse will ultimate a few hours.
♦ Red light has a high wavelength than blue light, which offers the lunar eclipse its attribute reddish colour.
♦ We see the same effect throughout sunrises and sunsets on Earth, when the sky has a more reddish glow than during the day.



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