3.3.23 UKPSC Daily Current Affair

‘Uttarakhand 6th among Himalayan states in foundational literacy, numeracy’
 Uttarakhand remained at sixth position, behind four northeastern states and Jammu and Kashmir, in various education and health-related parameters, according to data from the Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN) report released by the Economic Advisory Council.
While the national average was 44.48, Uttarakhand scored 46.57 and came fourth among the small states (with less than 10 million population) category. Overall, Punjab had the best indicators, with a score of 64.19, followed by Kerala (58.42).
Among Himalayan states, Sikkim emerged as the best performer with a score of 56.75, followed by the hills of West Bengal, which scored 54.58. Uttarakhand came sixth, just ahead of neighbouring Himachal Pradesh which scored 46.56. The worst Himalayan state was Meghalaya, with a 29.66 score, followed by Nagaland with 34.41. For English proficiency, more than 52% of the students in Uttarakhand exceed global proficiency.
According to a World Bank assessment, in India, around 50% of the children lack foundational learning, and by the time they reach grade 5, it becomes difficult for them to grasp the teaching and learn as per the grade level. The report states that the New Education Policy 2020 takes a very pragmatic approach to encourage multilingualism and the ability of language in teaching and learning.
The study assessed the learning of more than 86,000 students from class 3 in 20 different languages across 10,000 schools in the country.
UK grappling with vegetable shortages
Unusually cold temperatures in Spain and heavy rain and flooding in Morocco — two of the biggest tomato suppliers to the UK — have led to poor yields and are cited as the primary cause of the shortage.
In Spain, farmers blame recent freezing temperatures following record heat and dry conditions last year.  Heat and drought in Europe last year also are affecting vegetable harvests in other countries, including Germany.
The shortages in Britain — and contrasting pictures of full vegetable shelves in supermarkets in mainland Europe — led to a degree of Brexit schadenfreude in some EU news outlets. Experts say extra bureaucracy and costs associated with Brexit have played a part, though they stress it’s not a main factor.
Farmers also have complained about the lack of government investment in the sector and funding to help them cope with painfully high energy bills.
World Wildlife Day 2023
March 3 is known as World Wildlife Day (WWD), marked annually to draw attention to issues of conservation of flora and fauna.
In 2013, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) proclaimed March 3 as the UN World Wildlife Day to celebrate and raise awareness of protecting the world’s wild animals and plants. This was as the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) was signed in 1973 on this day.
March 3 marks the 50th anniversary of CITES’ establishment. CITES is considered a landmark agreement on conservation that focuses on ensuring the sustainability of endangered species.
Reliance Jio second-strongest telecom brand in world, says report
Reliance Jio has climbed up to number two rank — up from fifth place last year — in a list of the top 10 strongest telecom brands in the world. In this post we will explore the Top 150 most valuable and strongest telecoms operator brands according to Brand Finance 2023 rankings
Brand Finance have developed a comprehensive evaluation process to not only assess the value of brands, but also ascertain their relative strength. Utilizing best-practice ISO 20671 guidelines and up-to-date research collated from an expansive survey spanning 38 countries and 31 sectors with over 150,000 respondents – Brand Finance provide crucial insights for businesses looking to make informed decisions about brand performance.
49% of construction workers women: Study
With almost half the construction industry in India occupied by women workers, six of such Kolkata-based women said their work acts as a source of empowerment, enabling financial independence and a space for fostering camaraderie. They were speaking at a Women’s Day function at a construction site of a residential housing complex.
After agriculture, construction is the second largest industry in India, contributing significantly to the economy. Although perceived as a male-dominated industry, a recent ministry of labour and employment data shows that 49% of construction workers are women. While there is no sexual segregation of labour, women workers feel a sense of comfort and camaraderie working alongside other women.
Ensure fund for rare diseases, Centre told
Taking up the cudgel on behalf of the patients diagnosed with ultra-rare genetic conditions such as Lysosomal Storage Disorders, 24 Parliamentarians from across party lines have urged the Centre to ensure a sustainable fund to manage certain diseases under the National Policy for Rare Diseases, 2021.
This unending delay on the part of the Centres of Excellence (CoEs) has caused serious concern and anxiety to the patients and their families. Most of these patients are diagnosed with life-threatening rare genetic conditions, including Lysosomal Storage Disorders like Gaucher disease, Pompe disease.
Over 1 crore farmers benefitted with ongoing paddy procurement
Over 1 crore farmers have been benefitted with the paddy procurement for KMS 2022-23 (Kharif crop). Around 713 LMT of paddy up to 01.03.2023 procured and the MSP outflow of Rs.146960 crores has been transferred directly into farmers’ account.
All arrangements are in place for hassle-free procurement operations. Rice delivery against the procured paddy is also in progress and against the paddy procurement of 713 LMT, around 246 LMT rice has been received in the Central Pool upto 01.03.2023. Adequate rice stock is currently available in the Central Pool for meeting the requirements of the country.
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