12-13.3.23 UKPSC Daily Current Affair

116 hectares of forest hit by wildfires in 1 month in Uttarakhand
Over 100 hectares of forest cover has been affected by wildfires in the past one month between February 15 to March 15.
Mid-February is considered as the official commencement of summer wildfires pan India by the Forest Survey of India (FSI).
The data by Uttarakhand forest department indicates that 116 hectares has been affected in this duration. Both Garhwal, which has seven districts, and Kumaon, that has six districts, registered almost equal amounts of forest area 53.9ha and 50.7ha respectively under blaze in this duration. And nearly 12 hectares of Protected Areas (PA) have also come under the grip of fires. In the combined winter and summer wildfires from October 1 to March 15, Uttarakhand saw 97 forest fire incidents in which 155.7ha were gutted as per the data of the forest department. The fires led to losses to the tune of Rs 5.6 lakh to the state. While in the winter months, Kumaon region recorded absolutely zero cases of forest fires. Garhwal logged 20 hectares gutted and an almost equal amount of fires gutting 19.7 ha of PA.
The state has nearly 49.21sqkm of extremely fire-prone forest area, 757.92sqkm forest is very highly fire-prone, 4,070sqkm forest is highly fire-prone, 5,887.7sqkm forest is moderately fire-prone while 13,540sqkm forest is less fire-prone according to FSI. Nearly 15% of the forest has chir pine trees, whose needles are considered extremely combustible.Therefore, areas that had smallest of fires, saw spiked incidents in February, according to the authorities.
US recognized McMahon Line as international border
A bipartisan resolution was passed by the US, formally recognizing the McMahon Line as the international boundary between China and India’s Arunachal Pradesh. The resolution rejected China’s claim that the state belongs to its territory and instead acknowledged Arunachal Pradesh as an integral part of India. Furthermore, the resolution expressed support for India’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.
The resolution, titled ‘Reaffirmation of Arunachal Pradesh as Indian territory and condemnation of China’s provocative activities in South Asia’, came after a major clash between the Indian and Chinese forces in Arunachal’s Tawang in December last year.
Union Government Approved Renaming of Aurangabad & Osmanabad in Maharashtra
Chief Minister Eknath Shinde confirmed that Aurangabad city will be renamed Chhatrapati Sambhajinagar, and Osmanabad city will be called Dharashiv. After a year the proposal to rename Aurangabad and Osmanabad has been approved by the Ministry of Home Affairs.
The Ministry stated that it has no objection to renaming cities. The initial proposal was made in a cabinet meeting during the Maha Vikas Aghadi government in June 2022 before Uddhav Thackeray resigned as the then-chief minister.
After claiming that the decision by the Uddhav government was illegal, On July 16, 2022, a Government Resolution was passed by the two-member cabinet, comprising Eknath Shinde and his deputy Devendra Fadnavis, for changing the names, and a proposal was then forwarded to the Centre.
The Bombay High Court sought to know from the Maharashtra government if it had called for objections and suggestions before deciding to rename Aurangabad and Osmanabad cities in the state.
PM Modi to disburse 13th instalment of Rs 16,800cr under PM-KISAN
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will disburse the 13th installment of the income support programme PM-Kisan, totaling more than Rs 16,800 crore to more than eight crore beneficiary farmers in Belagavi, Karnataka.
The programme distributes Rs 6,000 annually in three equal installments of Rs 2,000 into each eligible landholder farmer’s bank account.
When PM-Kisan was introduced in February 2019, more than Rs 2.2 lakh crore had been distributed to over 11 crore landholder farmer families across the nation.
CJI DY Chandrachud Launched “Neutral Citations” For All Supreme Courts
The Chief Justice of India DY Chandrachud announced that the Supreme Court has launched “neutral citations” of judgments to ensure a uniform pattern of citing its decisions. Earlier, the Supreme court informed that steps had been taken for the introduction and implementation of a uniform, reliable and secure methodology for identifying and citing decisions in the apex court, namely the neutral citations system, to ensure a uniform pattern of citing all decisions of the top court.
The Chief Justice of India informed that they have launched neutral citations. All judgments of the court will have neutral citations,” adding that around 30,000 verdicts of the apex court would have neutral citations.
First nuclear plant of North India to be built in Haryana
The first nuclear power plant in North India would be built in Gorakhpur, Haryana, according to Union Minister Jitendra Singh. He claimed that one of the major accomplishments under Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s leadership would be the installation of nuclear and atomic energy plants across the nation, which had previously been largely restricted to states in the south like Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh as well as western Maharashtra.
The Department of Atomic Energy is also allowed to join forces with Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) to get funding for the opening of nuclear power plants.
Haryana’s Gorakhpur In the Fatehabad area of Haryana, the Anu Vidyut Pariyojana’s (GHAVP) Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR) with two units, each with a capacity of 700 MWe, is currently being built.
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