28.03.19 Uttarakhand (UKPCS) Current Affairs

UTTARAKHAND

 

  • Uttarakhand History Coinage

 

  • Though coins are small in size they open up window various aspects of culture, political life, economic progress, trade and commerce of people. Especially the coins of ancient cultures where there are barely any other evidences available. The movement of various tribes can be traced from its coin. The Yaudheya issued their earliest coinage in copper, bronze and potin with the brahmi legend ‘Yoaudheyanam’. Karttikeya being the warrior god was the main deity on coins of Yaudheya and also peacock is widely depicted (vehicle of the war-god karttikeya).

 

  • Allan extensively studies coins from Indian subcontinent and has segregated the Yaudheya coinage in 6 broad categories.

 

  1. Obverse containing combination of some of the symbols – Ujjain symbol, double trident, star or sun, triangle headed staff and legend in Brahmi ‘Maharajasa’ and inverted trident on the reverse. These coins are only found in Potin.

 

  1. Bull before sacrificial post on obverse with Brahmi legend ‘Yaudheyanam Bahudhanaka’ with elephant with a nandipada above and a flowing pennon behind.

 

 

  1. Coins with legend Bhanuvarmasa found along with coins of class 6.

 

  1. Represened by a single small square copper coin with the legend ‘Yaudheyanam’ above a bull to right in characters of the first century with plain or illegible reverse.

 

 

  1. Showing Unicephalous Karttikeya with legend ‘Yaudheya-ganasya jaya’ on the obverse and his spouse Devasena on the reverse. There are varieties with the legend followed by dviand tri and some additional symbols on the reverse.

 

  1. The obverse of the coin shows six-headed Karttikeya with brahmi legend ‘Bhagavata-svamino Brahmanya’ and reverse contains six-headed Shashthi standing facing between multi-arched chaitya surmounted by a nandipada on left with multi-branched tree in railing on right and wavy line below. This coinage is closely connected with the coinage of the Kuninda tribe. Varieties of this coinage show Siva replacing Karttikeya and deer below temple.

 

 

INTERNATIONAL

  • Pakistan approves the proposal to open Sharda Peeth corridor

 

  • The Pakistan government approved a proposal to establish a corridor that will allow Hindu pilgrims from India to visit Sharda Peeth.

 

  • It is an ancient Hindu temple and cultural site in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.

 

  • The Sharda Peeth corridor, when opened, will be the second religious tract after Kartarpur corridor in Pakistan-controlled territory that will connect the two neighbouring nations.

 

  • After Partition in 1947, the temple went under the control of Pakistan.

 

  • It is about 130km from Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu & Kashmir.

 

  • Kashmiri Pandits consider Sharada as their “kuldevi” or principal deity.

 

  • India, Bangladesh to start cruise service

 

  • India and Bangladesh will start a cruise service that would take passengers through the Sunderbans to Dhaka.

 

  • The move aims to strengthen inland waterway routes between the two countries.

 

  • Other than road and rail, India and Bangladesh also have very strong power connectivity through waterways.

 

  • As the movement of goods starts using inland waterways, goods from India can go in the cheapest possible form up to Narayanganj and Dhaka in Bangladesh.

 

  • Apart from it, people would have the option to travel through the Sunderbans on luxury vessels up to Dhaka.

 

  • World’s largest e-waste recycling hub opened in Dubai
  • Located at the Dubai Industrial Park, the 2,80,000 square feetplant will process Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), IT asset disposition (ITAD), refrigerant gas and specialised waste.
  • It is established by ‘Enviroserve’ company with a total cost of $5 million.
  • It has a processing capacity of 100,000 tonnesof total integrated waste per year, of which 39,000 tonnes is e-waste.
  • The 120 million dirhams ($5 million) project is backed by the Swiss Government Export Finance Agency.

NATIONAL

  • Government notifies Drugs and Clinical Trials Rules 2019

 

  • Health and Family Welfare Ministry have notified the Drugs and Clinical Trials Rules, 2019 with an aim to promote clinical research in the country.

 

  • The new rules will change the regulatory landscape for the approval of new drugs and conduct of clinical trials in the country.

 

  • These rules will apply to all new drugs, investigational new drugs for human use, clinical trial, bioequivalence study and Ethics Committee.

 

  • It has reduced the time for approving applications to 30 days for drugs manufactured in India and 90 days for those developed outside the country.

 

  • The ethics committee will monitor the trials and decide on the amount of compensation in cases of adverse events.

 

  • ISRO to launch 29 satellites including EMISAT on April 1, 2019

 

  • India on April 1 will launch an electronic intelligence satellite ‘Emisat’ for the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) along with 28 third party satellites.
  • ISRO, for the first time, will also demonstrate its new technologies like three different orbitswith a new variant of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket.
  • PSLV-C45will take off from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota tentatively at 9:30 AM carrying the satellites onboard.
  • EMISAT, weighing 436 kg, is intended for electromagnetic spectrum measurement.
  • The 28 international customer satellites are from four countries, viz. Lithuania, Spain, Switzerland and USA. All these satellites are being launched under commercial arrangements.

 

  • India successfully conducts an anti-satellite missile test in Mission Shakti

 

  • India successfully completed ‘Mission Shakti‘ operation where it destroyed a live satellite on a low earth orbit (LEO) using an Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile in three minutes.

 

  • A DRDO-developed Ballistic Missile, Defence Interceptor Missile successfully engaged an Indian orbiting target satellite in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) in a Hit to Kill mode.

 

  • He assured the international community that India’s capability will not be used against anyone but is purely a defence initiative for its security.

 

  • The successful launch of an anti-satellite missile, the country has emerged as a space superpower in the world.

 

  • After the US, Russia, and China, India is the fourth country to acquire this space capability.

 

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