23.12.21 Daily UKPSC Current Affairs

 

UTTARAKHAND

 

Overall ranking of U’Khand in SS21 is poor, ULBs must work on efficient waste management for future challenges’

Releasing a detailed analytical report on Uttarakhand’s performance in the Swachh Survekshan 2021 (SS21), the Social Development for Communities (SDC) Foundation articulated that the state has performed poorly at the national level in the survey and Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) must bring systematic changes in waste management to improve the rankings in SS22 and tackle other upcoming waste-centric challenges in future.

According to the report, the general performance of the state in various categories like Citizens Voice, Service Level Progress, Garbage Free Cities and Open Defecation Free (ODF) are far lower than the national average. Uttarakhand got 1,531 scores out of 6,000 points in SS21 and the national average score is 2,072 that clearly shows the state’s overall poor performance in the survey at the national level. The report mentioned that though Dehradun has become the first city in the state with 82nd position to rank in the top 100 cities in the 1-10 lakh population category, it should be noted that this position was achieved only amongst 369 cities and not amongst 4,320 cities that participated in SS21. Dehradun ranked 375 amongst these 4,320 cities. Such misunderstandings must not mislead people about the current sanitation situation of the cities across the state as it can be fatal for future sanitation efforts.

According to the report, the state generates annual waste of over 125 crore kilogramme excluding the waste generated by pilgrims and tourists and this quantity will certainly increase with the increasing footfalls of tourists when the projects like Delhi Dehradun economic corridor and the Char Dham All weather Road will get completed. According to the recommendations in the report, the ULBs first need to address the shortcomings found in SS21 and make efforts to improve the conditions irrespective of rankings attained in the survey. The administration should also implement policies like Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) and tourism policy to facilitate waste management besides adopting sustainable waste management practices as the current system is inefficient and poses a consistent risk to public health, the environment and the economy.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

WADA Report on Rule Violations

 

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) just released a report on “Rule Violations.”

Highlights:

  • In 2019, the number of offenders in India grew, placing India among the top three global doping violators.
  • Bodybuilding, weightlifting, and athletics have all played a role in India’s dismal performance.
  • In 2019, India reported 152 anti-doping rule violations (ADRVs), accounting for 17% of the global total.
  • Maximum dope offenders reported from bodybuilding out of all offenders (57).
  • With 25 ADRVs, weightlifting is the most popular Olympic sport. Athletics (20) and wrestling come as second and third, respectively (10).
  • Boxing and judo each had four ADRVs. In 2019, four cricketers also signed ADRVs.

 

Apretude Approved by FDA To Prevent HIV

 

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the world’s first injectable drug for lowering the risk of contracting HIV.

 

Apretude is a medication that can be injected. “Cabogegravir extended-release injectable suspension” is its generic name.

The medicine is an alternative to daily HIV prophylaxis pills such as Truvada and Descovy. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), these pills are up to 99 percent effective in preventing HIV transmission through sexual contact. It must, however, be taken daily to be effective.

However, to begin Apretude, clients are given two doses one month apart. They will be given an injection every two months after that.

This injection will be crucial to combat the HIV epidemic in the United States.

It will also benefit high-risk individuals and specific groups for whom taking daily medicine is difficult or impossible.

 

 

 

NATIONAL

 

NITI Aayog- UN WFP Agreement on Food Basket Diversification.

 

The NITI Aayog and the UN World Food Program (UN WEP) have agreed to broaden the food basket. On December 20, 2021, both organizations signed a Statement of Intent.

Highlights:

  • The NITI Aayog and UN WEP partnership aims to mainstream millets and help India take the lead internationally in knowledge exchange in the year 2023, which has been designated as the International Year of Millets.

 

  • This alliance also intends to improve small-farmer livelihoods, climate change adaptation and climate change adaption capabilities, and adaptation capabilities and strengthen climate-resilient agriculture for improved food and nutrition security across India.

 

  • The Indian government declared 2018 to be the year of millets to boost and develop millet cultivation.

 

Anti-Doping Bill Introduced by Sports Minister

The law aims to establish a legal basis for the National Anti-Doping Agency’s operations (NADA).

The bill gives NADA the authority to conduct raids and boost drug-abuse prevention initiatives in Indian communities.

It will also establish a legal framework for the National Dope Testing Laboratory (NDTL) and other dope testing facilities to operate under.

It also calls for establishing a National Board for Anti-Doping in Sports to boost anti-doping efforts in sports.

Previously, NADA had no jurisdiction to execute raids, and NADA’s anti-doping appeal panel agreed.

The law aims to give NADA powers of investigation, inspection, sample collection, sharing, and free flow of information and the ability to impose punishment for anti-doping rule violations and establish disciplinary procedures.

Delhi to set up first Teachers University

 

The university will offer a four-year integrated teacher education programme after Class 12.

 

In the programme, BA &B.Ed, BSc &B.Ed, and BCom&B.Ed courses will be incorporated.

 

While pursuing these courses, those enrolled in the university will also be linked to Delhi government schools for training purposes.

 

Government will introduce “Delhi Teachers University Bill 2021” for the same in the next session of Delhi Assembly.

 

Delhi Teachers’ University will be a public university. It will be dedicated to prepare excellent quality teachers for Delhi across different school stages. Students from university will also be attached with Delhi government schools for entire duration of the course, to get hands-on experience. It will help students in receiving excellent practical knowledge in addition to theoretical knowledge.

 

 

 

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