GK PDF Notes for UKPCS Mains General Science and Technology
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Paper IV is highly scoring paper in UKPCS Mains. Science and Technology Notes for UKPCS Mains are designed by UKPSC Toppers and other civil servants. Detail Notes can be browsed at the following links.
Motion: Measurement of physical quantities and system of Units, Linear motion, circular motion and vibrational motion; force and laws of motion; Universal law of gravitation, gravity, acceleration due to gravity, artificial satellites and their launching, Indian satellites and their history, work power and energy; Concept of pressure, atmospheric and hydrostatic pressure and their utility in daily life; surface tension; Mechanical waves- audible, infrasonic, and ultrasonic, their main characteristics; Earth quake and its causes, epicenter, seismic waves and their transmission. Electromagnetic waves, their types and characteristics, X-rays, their type and utility in human life.
Elementary idea of LASER, Holography, Radio activity, Nuclear Fission & Fusion, Electric current, its chemical, thermal and magnetic effects; electric motor; electric generator and electric transformer; electric power plant, Domestic power supply and safety for handling electricity; Human eye, its defects, their causes and remedies; Microscope and telescope; Conductors, semiconductors and insulators.
Energy: Non-renewable and renewable energy sources. Energies like solar, wind, biogas, biomass, geothermal, tidal and other renewable energy; Introduction to solar appliances viz Solar cell, solar cooker, water heater etc. Biogas- principle and process.
Space Technology: Space programme in India and its applications with special reference to industrial, agriculture, telecommunication, television, education and Indian m`issile programme, Remote Sensing, Geographical Information System (GIS) and its application in weather forecasting, Disaster warning, water, oil and mineral development, urban planning and rural development activities; Introduction to Global Positioning System (GPS), and Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites system.
Plants and mankind, characteristics of plants, structure and function of plant cells and organelles;
Diseases of plants caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses, etc. and their prevention; Basic concepts of ecosystem, food web and food chain; Economic Botany.
Introduction and applications of genetic engineering and stem cell research. Use of nanotechnology in the field of agriculture, animal husbandry (cloning and transgenic animals applications In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) and genetically modified organism etc.). Biotechnology in environmental clean up process. Production of Hybrid seeds and their processing techniques, Bt cotton and Bt brinjal etc. Tissue culture and molecular markers.
Microbial infections; Introduction to bacterial, viral, protozoan and fungal infections in human beings. Basic knowledge of infections caused by different groups of micro organisms- diarrhoea, dysentry, cholera, tuberculosis, dengue, malaria, scrub typhus, viral infections like HIV, encephalitis, chikungunya, bird flu- preventive measure during outbreaks. Zoonotic diseases; elementary knowledge of vaccines, Immunology basic concepts.
Definition of digital computer, Elements of computer: Input unit, Output unit, Primary memory, Secondary memory and Processing unit. Classifications, generations, applications and limitations of digital computers.
Data, Data processing, business data processing, data storage, file management system and data base management systems.
Software and application of PC software packages: Software definition, Type of software and its Knowledge of Word processing, Spreadsheets and Power point presentation software packages.
Basic element of Communication systems, data transmission mode, transmission media, network topologies, network types, communication protocols, network security mechanism. Definition of Internet, search tools, web browsers, e-mail and search engines. IT applications: E-cards, E- shopping, E-commerce.
Role of external state and Non-state actor’s in creating challenges to internal security, challenges to Internal security through communication networks, Role of media and Social networking sites in internal security challenges, Basics of cyber security, Role of biometric devices in security, IT Act (2000), Security challenges in border areas linkages of organized crime with terrorism. Management in border areas by various security forces/agencies.
Types of pollution and their management; air, water, soil, sound/noise, radioactive and e-waste. Industrial waste and its management. Impact of Solid Waste Management, recycling and reuse, Watershed Management, Watershed approach for sustainable development, Human role in pollution control, Environment and human health; Effects of pollutants on animals and plants; urbanisation and industrial development.
Global Environmental Issues like Green House Effect, Green House Gases and their mitigation. Climate Change, Acid Rain, Global Warming, Ozone depletion, Biodiversity and its conservation, Hotspots and threats to Biodiversity. The Environment (Protection) Act(1986) ,Forest Conservation Act; Kyoto Protocol, Carbon Credits and Carbon Footprint; United Nations Environmental Conservation Programme (UNEP),National parks, Sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves and Botanical gardens; Wildlife and its management, human and wild animal struggle; Seismic activity zones; Development and environment;
Disaster Management: Definition, nature, types and classification of disasters, Natural Hazards; Causative factors and mitigation measures; Disaster Management Act(2005), National Disaster Management Authorities(NDMA); Uttarakhand Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Authority; earthquake, flood, cloudburst, cyclone, tsunami, landslides, drought, etc; Factors affecting mitigation measures; Disasters in the Uttarakhand Himalayan region and other Himalayan States. Need of Eco- Sensitive Zones (ESZ’s)in Uttarakhand. Man made calamities- chemical and nuclear hazards etc. Case studies of various natural and man made hazards at international, national and uttarakhand state level and their impact. NDRF (National Disaster Response Force) and SDRF (State Disaster Response Force). General awareness on current events of State, National and International level.