Educational Development of Minorities

Educational Development of Minorities


  • “Education is the single most important instrument for social and economic transformation. A well educated population, adequately equipped with knowledge and skill is not only essential to support economic growth, but is also a precondition for growth to be inclusive since it is the educated and skilled person who can stand to benefit most from the employment opportunities which growth will provide.” (Para 10.1 of the Approach to the XIIth Five Year Plan). The Ministry of Human Resource Development has focused on an inclusive agenda, with a vision of realizing India’s human resource potential to its fullest, with equity and excellence.
  • “All minorities…shall have the right to establish and administer education institutions of their own”is the mandate, as per Article 30(1) of the Constitution. Government is committed to address the existing backwardness in education of minorities, especially the Muslims, constituting the major chunk of the minorities. Therefore, the Prime Minister’s New 15 Point Programme, inter-alia, aims to enhance opportunities for education of minorities ensuring an equitable share in economic activities and employment.
Communities Percentage of population Percentage of literacy
Muslims 12.4 59.1
Christians 2.3 80.3
Sikhs 1.9 69.4
Buddhists 0.8 72.7
Zoroastrians (Parsis) 0.007 97.9


  • According to ‘Sachar Committee Report’ “one-fourth of Muslim children in the age group of 6-14 years have either never attended school or are drop-outs. For children above the age of 17 years, the educational attainment of Muslims at matriculation is 17%, as against national average at 26%. Only 50% of Muslims who complete middle school are likely to complete secondary education, compared to 62% at national level”. The Report has also drawn attention to the low levels of educational attainment among Muslim women, Muslims in rural areas as well as in technical and higher education. The High Level Committee under the Chairmanship of Justice Rajinder Sachar has also made a number of recommendations for improvement of the educational status of the Muslim communities
  • Ministry of Human Resource Development has also constituted a National Monitoring Committee on Minorities’ Education (NMCME) under the Chairmanship of Hon’ble Minister of Human Resource Development. A Standing Committee under the chairmanship of Shri Siraj Hussain, IAS, Additional Secretary, Government of India and former Vice-Chancellor, Jamia Hamdard has also been constituted to address issues relating to educational empowerment of minorities. The objective of the Standing Committee and its Sub-Committees are, as under:-
  • To monitor the minority related schemes/programs being implemented by the Ministry of Human Resource Development;
  • To suggest modifications, if required, in the schemes of the Ministry of Human Resource Development with a view to cater to the specific needs and requirements of the minority community;
  • To study report of previous Committees which have gone into the issues of minority education and welfare and suggest ways and means to implement the recommendations/conclusions of those Committees;
  • To advise the Committee on setting up a monitoring mechanism for minority related schemes/programs being run by the Ministry of HRD and
  • Any other issues relating to minority education which the Committee may want to bring to the notice of the Government and NMCME.
  • Ministry of HRD has taken several significant initiatives, as detailed below, during XIth Five Year Plan and the momentum of which are being continued/accelerated during the XIIth Five Year Plan:-
  • Scheme for Providing Quality Education in Madrasas (SPQEM)
  • Scheme for Infrastructure Development of Private Aided/Unaided Minority Institutions (IDMI)
  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
  • Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs)
  • Extension of Mid-Day-Meals (MDM) Scheme to Madarsas/Maqtabs
  • ‘Saakshar Bharat’
  • Jan Shikshan Sansathan (JSS)
  • Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
  • Strengthening of the National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language (NCPUL)
  • Establishment of the National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions (NCMEI)
  • List of Minority Concentration Districts
  • Sub-Mission on Polytechniques under the coordinated Action for skill development
  • Girls Hostel Scheme
  • Setting up model schools

What Constitution Says

Article 46 of the Constitution states that, “The State shall promote, with special care, the education and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and, in particular of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of social exploitation.” Articles 330, 332, 335, 338 to 342 and the entire Fifth and Sixth Schedules of the Constitution deal with special provisions for implementation of the objectives set forth in Article 46. Similarly, Articles 30 (1) provides for the rights of the Minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice. These provisions need to be fully utilized for the benefit of these weaker sections in our society.

National Monitoring Committee for Minorities’ Education (NMCME)

The National Monitoring Committee for Minorities’ Education (NMCME) has been reconstituted vie Ministry’s Resolution No. 6-4/2010-MC (Pt.) dated 23.12.2011. The first meeting of the reconstituted Committee was held on March 5, 2012 at New Delhi. At this meeting, a decision was taken to constitute a Standing Committee of NMCME and five sub-Committees of NMCME as under:

  • Implementation of Schemes Aimed at Minorities
  • Mapping of Educational Requirements of Minorities – Region & District-wise
  • Vocational Education & Skill Development of Minorities
  • Girls’ Education
  • Promotion of Urdu Language and enhance compatibility amongst minorities through knowledge of English.

The Government is also running the following Schemes for the improvement of Educational and Economic lot of the Minorities:

  • Central Sponsored Scheme for Providing Quality Education in Madrasa (SPQEM)
  • Scheme for Infrastructure Development Private Aided/Unaided Minority Institutes (IDMI) – (Elementary Secondary/Senior Secondary Schools)

The following material will help you understand better the work done for granting equal opportunities to the Minorities in the country:-

  • Prime Minister’s 15-Point Programme for Minorities’ Welfare (Including Status Report)
  • Major Initiatives for Educational Advancement of Minorities
  • Government Decisions on Sachar Committee Recommendations (Including Monitoring of Action Taken)
  • Findings of Research Conducted by NUEPA – Participation of Muslims in Higher Education



  • The Minister of State for Minority Affairs & Parliamentary Affairs said that Garib Nawaz Skill Development Centres will be established in 100 districts of the country.
  • These centres will effectively ensure employment-oriented skill development of youth belonging to Minority communities.
  • The courses will be short term (2 to 6 months) in fields such as mobile and laptop repairing, security guard training, housekeeping training, etc.

Jiyo Parsi

  • It is a central sector scheme formulated in September 2013 for containing population decline of Parsis in India.
  • Need of the Scheme: Population of Parsi community in India declined from 114,890 in 1941 to 57,624 as per Census 2011, thus declining by almost 50% in last 60 years.
  • Objective of Scheme: To target an increase in the Total Fertility Rate of the Parsi community, in order to stem or at least slow its population decline.
  • The Scheme will be implemented by the Parzor Foundation with the help of the Bombay Parsi Panchayat (BPP) and through the organizations/societies /Anjumans and Panchayat of the community concerned in existence for not less than three years.


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