DMPQ-Explain Global Climate policy with special mention of India’s Emissions Status.

India asserted at the virtual Climate Ambition Summit, that it is well on its way to not just fulfilling its national pledge on emissions reduction, but exceeding the commitment.

Reconstruction in the West after World War II led to acceleration of material use, resulting emissions and sharp rise in global temperature around 1970, before growth commenced in Asia. Urban transformation requires huge amounts of iron and steel, cement, construction materials and energy for infrastructure.

In an urbanised world, two-third of emissions arise from the demand of the middle class for infrastructure, mobility, buildings and diet.

Infrastructure worldwide has used half of total materials, mainly construction, cement and steel, which have no substitute, and will need half of the available carbon space.  Peaking of emissions comes some 20-30 years after saturation of infrastructure has been achieved, as in the case of the West.

Among the ‘major economies’, India will meet its Paris Agreement target for 2030. Its per capita emissions are one-third of the global average and it will remain within its share of ecological space. The Emissions Gap Report 2020 includes India among nine G20 members who are on track to achieve their unconditional commitments under the Paris pact, based on pre-COVID-19 projections. In sustainability benchmark like housing size and density, public bicycle transport and eliminating food waste, India is doing better than the West.

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