DMPQ-What is one-health Approach ? Explain how it helps in the situation like covid-19 pandemic.

. One Health concept is a worldwide strategy for expanding interdisciplinary collaborations and communications in all aspects of health care for people, animals, and the environment.

One Health approach identifies that zoonotic diseases, environmental pressures, food security, anti-microbial resistance, and health threats of animals and humans are all inter-related.

The need for greater interdisciplinary collaboration was identified with the emergence of zoonotic viruses with pandemic disease-causing potential in the early years of the 21st century.  Changes in land-use patterns, climate changes, etc. disrupt habitats and cause new diseases to pass to animals.

Rapidly growing human population result in more people living in close contact with wild and domestic animals, which provide more opportunities for diseases to pass between animals and people.

Due to the explosion of international travel and trade, such diseases can spread quickly across borders and around the globe. Thus, existing or emerging zoonotic diseases can transform into a pandemic.

It spans across the sectors of health, economic development, agricultural production, and livelihood generation.  It addresses health and livelihood concerns along with efforts to mitigate climate change and related disasters.  One of the components of the mission explicitly links biodiversity to human health through the One Health framework.

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