DMPQ- Write a brief description about the composition and functions of national human rights commission.

Composition of national human rights commission

The commission is a multi-member body consisting of a chairman and four members. The chairman should be a retired chief justice of India, and members should be serving or retired judges of the Supreme Court, a serving or retired chief justice of a high court and two persons having knowledge or practical experience with respect to human rights. In addition to these full-time members, the commission also has four ex-officio members—the chairmen of the National Commission for Minorities, the National Commission for SCs, the National Commission for STs and the National Commission for Women.

The functions of the Commission are:

  • To inquire into any violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant, either suo motu or on a petition presented to it or on an order of a court.
  • To intervene in any proceeding involving allegation of violation of human rights pending before a court.
  • To visit jails and detention places to study the living conditions of inmates and make recommendation thereon.
  • To review the constitutional and other legal safeguards for the protection of human rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation.
  • To review the factors including acts of terrorism that inhibit the enjoyment of human rights and recommend remedial measures.
  • To study treaties and other international instruments on human rights and make recommendations for their effective implementation.
  • To undertake and promote research in the field of human rights
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