Major Disasters and Natural Hazards causing damage to environment ,life and property in Uttarakhand are:-
Earthquakes:-An earthquake is the perceptible shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth’s crust that creates seismic waves.
Landslides:-Landslide is a collapse of a mass of earth or rock from a mountain or cliff
Avalanches:-Avalanches is a mass of snow, ice, and rocks falling rapidly down a mountainside.
Floods and Flash Floods:-A flash flood is a rapid flooding of geomorphic low-lying areas: washes, rivers, dry lakes and basins. It may be caused by heavy rain associated with a severe thunderstorm, hurricane, tropical storm, or meltwater from ice or snow flowing over ice sheets or snowfields.
Cloudbursts:-A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time, sometimes accompanied by hail and thunder, that is capable of creating flood conditions.
Soil Erosion:-Soil erosion is the washing or blowing away (by water ,glaciers or wind) of the top layer of soil
Forest Fires :-Forest Fires is an uncontrolled fire that is wiping out large fields and areas of land.
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