Education in Uttarakhand
Education in Uttarakhand is provided by a large number of public and private institutions. Uttarakhand had a long tradition of learning and culture.
The system of education in Uttarakhand is pretty much the same as in other parts of the country. The ‘Uttarakhand Sabhi Ke Liye Siksha Parishad’ is a body that has been established to assist the state board in implementing a education system that reaches children and students from all walks of life. Infrastructure and education transfer system in here follows a modern approach. Students get to learn every aspect of their favourite subject through theoretical and practical education process.
According to the statistics of year 2011, current number of students in here is 1,040,139. There are more than 15,331 primary schools in here guided by 22,118 teachers who are experts in their fields. Literacy rate in this state of India is 79.63%. Literacy ratio of male and female students is increasing every day. Today it is 88.33% for male students and 70.70% for female students.
Main language of education in here is Hindi and English. Educational institutions in here are divided in two main parts such as- Government institutes and Private institutes. Schools and colleges under this banner are-
- Primary Schools
- High Schools
- Degree Colleges
- Inter colleges
- Technical Institutions
Uttarakhand Board of School Education (UBSE)
The Government of Uttarakhand has formed UBSE to administer courses of instructions, text books, and to conduct examinations for secondary school students of the state. The board was set up in 2001 and is headquartered in Ramnagar. With over 10,000 schools affiliated to it, UBSE conducts examinations for over 3 lakh students in more than 1300 examination centres every year. According to a notification issued by the board, a total of 1,45,909 Class XII and 1,73,219 Class X students appeared for examinations this year.
Upgradation and Opening of New Schools
In its constant endeavor to make education easily accessible to everyone, the Uttarakhand Government is always looking at expanding its network of schools. To achieve this, the School Education Department has classified the opening of new schools in the four below-mentioned categories:
The Opening of Primary Schools: In the hill region, a new Primary School is opened if there is no access to Primary Education within one km and the population of the served area is above 200. For the plain region, the distance is 1.5km and the population should be above 300.
The Opening of Upper Primary Schools (Junior High Schools): A Junior High School is opened between two primary schools if there is no access within 3 km to junior high school classes.
The Opening of new High School/Up gradation of Junior High School: If there is no access to Junior High School classes then a new High School is opened otherwise the up gradation of the existing Junior High School is carried out.
Educational Schemes & Programs
Uttarakhand is a relatively new state and the literacy rate of the state is higher than the national literacy rate. Hence, the demand for education is comparatively higher in the state. Right from the inception of the new state, the Department of Education has explored every opportunity to extend the reach of education to the far-flung areas of the state. To strengthen the present structure and explore new avenues, various schemes have been framed according to the need of the state. Computer Education to secondary schools and mid-day meal schemes to the primary school are some of the schemes run by the Uttarakhand School Education Department. Let’s take a brief look at some of these schemes that come under Uttarakhand school education.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA) is positioned as the state’s main program for universalizing Elementary Education. Its overall goals include universal access and retention, bridging of gender and social category gaps in education, and enhancement of learning levels of children. SSA provides for a variety of interventions including inter alia opening of new schools and special training camps for the dropped out and out of school children for their admission in age appropriate classes, construction of schools and additional classrooms, separate toilets for boys and girls, adequate drinking water facilities, provisioning of regular teachers, part-time teachers, training and academic resource support, textbooks, uniforms, and mainly supports for learning achievement.
The Department of Education, Uttarakhand is leaving no stone unturned to integrate Computer Technology in education. The geographical location of schools in the interior rural areas, inadequate transport and communication facilities make it imperative to take advantage of IT and to provide accessibility of quality education to every child. In order to effectively implement the integration of computer in the educational process, the department has targeted to computerise all the 1720 schools in the State under the ‘Aarohi Program’ by installing 5-6 computers in every school.
The E-Class project aims to develop IT enabled courses and curriculum in Biology, Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics for the classes of IX to XII in the state. 75 hours of course content will be developed in each subject from IX to XII classes. This Software will facilitate the effective teaching-learning process in the classroom and would also enable students to self-learn.